La conférence internationale annuelle Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA) 2017, s’est tenue à Atlanta du 14 au 16 mars.
Xavier Rodier (UMR CITERES – Consortium MASA) y a co-animé, avec Arianna Traviglia (Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia), une session intitulée « Open open open. The rise of open scientific publishing and the archaeological discipline: managing the paradigm shift »
Présentation de la session : The field of scientific publishing is rapidly changing and evolving: numerous publishing experiments were conducted with varying degrees of success over the last two decades. The past few years have seen the emergence of the ‘Open Science’ movement, encouraging, among other practises, ‘open data’, ‘open publication’, and ‘open edition’. All together, these initiatives have a transformative impact on the research and Higher Education communities, and are contributing to shatter and replace the existing scientific publishing paradigm, affecting the paid-for subscription model used by many scientific journals, and undermining the common practice of releasing reports under embargo. With all publicly funded scientific papers published in Europe targeted for free access – ensuring their full availability to and reuse by anyone – by 2020 (a deadline unrealistic for many), and other parallel initiatives in the USA (e.g. by NASA) the time for conversing about Open Access is now past and current discussion should concentrate on how we are going to achieve it in practice. The domain of archaeological publication is not immune to these transformations and it is struggling to cope with the new challenges brought forth by this new paradigm. Although the archaeological discipline produces, for example, datasets with high reuse potential that are ideal for Open Content initiatives, its scholars are still pressed to publish peer reviewed articles in accordance to the standard academic practices, as national-level evaluation procedures for the assessment of University research quality have not yet fully incorporated measures of impact such as altmetrics, bibliometrics, semantics and webmetrics (‘Open metrics’). Within the dominant discourse, the model that appears to many most suitable for the archaeological scholarship is one that publishes journal articles linked to open access datasets: this covers a spectrum of possibilities ranging from short, scholarly publications describing on-line accessible datasets to full papers that integrate datasets deposited in repositories (either as part of the journal or externally maintained). These models, however, have varied acceptance. Despite their potentiality, for example, data papers growing popularity in other disciplines still does not seem to be reflected in the archaeological practise, where they do not receive appropriate recognition as they are not considered to meet the standards of ‘traditional’ scientific publishing. Thus, besides a general agreement that Open Access enables reproducible scientific research, an ultimate and complete solution for all the data sharing and reuse issues has not been theorised yet. Held in conjunction with the official launch in Atlanta of the Open Access Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology (JCAA), this session is intended to be a showcase and forum for theory, initiatives, experiences, proposals and projects related to the broader theme of Open Publishing in Archaeology, with the ultimate goal of using the discussion of the CAA community to help forge the future directions of the Journal. Topics of interests include, but are not limited to: • relationships between open publishing and open data/content and open repositories • relationships between scientific paper and data paper • intellectual property rights or security/privacy issues • interoperability of published data and the semantic web • lessons learned (case studies) • new publishing formats • new scientific writing model.